The ability to think about what we are learning, how we are learning, what we want to learn in the future are important skills that must be explicitly taught in classrooms. Click To Tweet Too often students receive information, receive instructions, receive objectives, and receive grades without ever being asked to think about learning and the development of discrete skills. I believe that is a problem.
They do this by gaining a level of awareness above the subject matter: Metacognitive practices help students become aware of their strengths and weaknesses as learners, writers, readers, test-takers, group members, etc. This research suggests that increased metacognitive abilities—to learn specific and correct skills, how to recognize them, and how to practice them—is needed in many contexts.
She first describes four assignments for explicit instruction p. What did not work so well that I should not do next time or that I should change? We must offer alternatives and then challenge students to test the efficacy of those approaches.
A common assignment in English composition courses is the self-assessment essay in which students apply course criteria to articulate their strengths and weaknesses within single papers or over the course of the semester. These activities can be adapted to assignments other than exams or essays, such as projects, speeches, discussions, and the like.
As these examples illustrate, for students to become more metacognitive, they must be taught the concept and its language explicitly Pintrich, ; Tanner,though not in a content-delivery model simply a reading or a lecture and not in one lesson.
Metacognition instruction should also be embedded with the content and activities about which students are thinking. In explicitly connecting a learning context to its relevant processes, learners will be more able to adapt strategies to new contexts, rather than assume that learning is the same everywhere and every time.
This kind of modeling is a good practice in metacognition instruction, as suggested by Tanner above. What would such a handout look like for your discipline? Students can even be metacognitively prepared and then prepare themselves for the overarching learning experiences expected in specific contexts.
Similarly, in courses with sensitive subject matter, a different kind of learning occurs, one that involves complex emotional responses. References Bransford, John D. Brain, mind, experience, and school.
Baker, Linda, and Brown, Ann L. Metacognitive skills and reading.Questions to Stimulate Metacognitive Reflection and Learning These questions can be used in class discussion, as a basis for reflective writing (prompts), or as part of class activities (teams and groups) 1) for class, 2) for assignments, 3) for tests, 4) for the course overall.
Exam reflections promote metacognitive skills such as planning, monitoring, evaluating, and adjusting learning strategies, skills that are transferable beyond your particular classroom.
If you want your students to adopt more effective learning strategies, exam reflections offer a simple way to quickly get your students thinking about how they. a qualitative study of metacognitive reflection: the beliefs, attitudes and reflective practices of developing professional educators a dissertation.
Complete a metacognitive reflection* for one of the two required summer readings. Select the text you felt was the most difficult, and recall your process as you worked through confusions to .
Reading Assignments, Metacognitive Logs, and Reflections (15): You will be assigned material to read for every class meeting, and to get you thinking about the material, and to give you an opportunity to demonstrate what you got from the reading, you will complete a Metacognitive. One approach to developing metacognitive skills among students was to create multi-step “follow-up” activities for every writing assignment that would engage them in peer- and self-reflections.
For the initial diagnostic essay, students were asked to write a paper with the prompt, “To what extent is language endangerment comparable to.