Honors Honors Program in the School of Biological Sciences The Honors Program in the School of Biological Sciences provides an opportunity for outstanding majors in the School to pursue advanced work in independent research via participation in the Excellence in Biological Sciences Research Program and earn Honors in Biological Sciences upon graduation.
Enhancing domestic security against terrorism[ edit ] Main article: Patriot Act, Title I Title I authorizes measures to enhance the ability of domestic security services to prevent terrorism. The title established a fund for counter-terrorist activities and increased funding for the Terrorist Screening Center which is administered by the FBI.
The military was authorized to provide assistance in some situations that involve weapons of mass destruction when so requested by the Attorney General. The National Electronic Crime Task Force was expanded, along with the President 's authority and abilities in cases of terrorism.
The title also condemned the discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans that happened soon after the September 11 terrorist attacks. The impetus for many of the provisions came from earlier bills, for instance the condemnation of discrimination was originally proposed by Senator Tom Harkin D - IA in an amendment to the Combatting Terrorism Act ofthough in a different form.
It originally included "the prayer of Cardinal Theodore McCarrickthe Archbishop of Washington in a Mass on September 12, for our Nation and the victims in the immediate aftermath of the terrorist hijackings and attacks in New York City, Washington, D.
Surveillance procedures[ edit ] Main article: Patriot Act, Title II Title II is titled "Enhanced Surveillance Procedures", and covers all aspects of the surveillance of suspected terrorists, those suspected of engaging in computer fraud or abuse, and agents of a foreign power who are engaged in clandestine activities.
In particular, the title allows government agencies to gather "foreign intelligence information" from both U. Also removed was the statutory requirement that the government prove a surveillance target under FISA is a non-U.
Wiretaps were expanded to include addressing and routing information to allow surveillance of packet switched networks  —the Electronic Privacy Information Center EPIC objected to this, arguing that it does not take into account email or web addresses, which often contain content in the address information.
Those who operate or own a "protected computer" can give permission for authorities to intercept communications carried out on the machine, thus bypassing the requirements of the Wiretap statute. The law governing obligatory and voluntary disclosure of customer communications by cable companies was altered to allow agencies to demand such communications under U.
Title 18 provisions relating to the disclosure of electronic communications chapterpen registers and trap and trace devices chapter and stored communicationsthough it excluded the disclosure of cable subscriber viewing habits.
IP addressespayment method and bank account and credit card numbers. The so-called "sneak and peek" law allowed for delayed notification of the execution of search warrants.
The period before which the FBI must notify the recipients of the order was unspecified in the Act—the FBI field manual says that it is a "flexible standard"  —and it may be extended at the court's discretion.
The court found the searches to violate the provision that prohibits unreasonable searches in the Fourth Amendment to the U. These are seen as important by the Department of Justice because they believe that terrorists can exploit wiretap orders by rapidly changing locations and communication devices such as cell phones,  while opponents see it as violating the particularity clause of the Fourth Amendment.
The sunset provision of the Act also took into account any ongoing foreign intelligence investigations and allowed them to continue once the sections had expired.
Anti-money-laundering to prevent terrorism[ edit ] Main article: It was divided into three subtitles, with the first dealing primarily with strengthening banking rules against money laundering, especially on the international stage.
The second attempts to improve communication between law enforcement agencies and financial institutions, as well as expanding recordkeeping and reporting requirements. The third subtitle deals with currency smuggling and counterfeiting, including quadrupling the maximum penalty for counterfeiting foreign currency.
The first subtitle tightened the recordkeeping requirements for financial institutions, making them record the aggregate amounts of transactions processed from areas of the world where money laundering is a concern to the U.
It also made institutions put into place reasonable steps to identify beneficial owners of bank accounts and those who are authorized to use or route funds through payable-through accounts. Treasury was charged with formulating regulations intended to foster information sharing between financial institutions to prevent money-laundering.
Similarly, mergers between insured depository institutions and non-insured depository institutions that have a bad track record in combating money-laundering could be blocked. It prohibited shell banks that are not an affiliate of a bank that has a physical presence in the U.
It also prohibits or restricts the use of certain accounts held at financial institutions. It is expected that additional scrutiny will be applied by the U. Banks must identify all the nominal and beneficial owners of any private bank account opened and maintained in the U.
There is also an expectation that they must undertake enhanced scrutiny of the account if it is owned by, or is being maintained on behalf of, any senior political figure where there is reasonable suspicion of corruption.
Thus any restraining orderseizure warrant or arrest warrant may be made against the funds in the interbank account held at a U. Financial institutions are prohibited from allowing clients to specifically direct them to move funds into, out of, or through a concentration account, and they are also prohibited from informing their clients about the existence of such accounts.
Financial institutions are not allowed to provide any information to clients that may identify such internal accounts. The definition of money laundering was expanded to include making a financial transaction in the U. Attorney General  and the smuggling of any item controlled under the Export Administration Regulations.Virtual University of Pakistan (VU) Fall Admission Open Last Date to Apply for Admissions Monday October 08, 2 CS Information Systems - Final Term Papers - Spring - from August 12, to August 24, This course is an introduction to managerial accounting for non-accounting business majors.
Emphasis is given on the internal accounting methods of business organizations for planning and control. Term: What is the difference between a "research" vs.
"applied" division Definition: Research psychology mainly works to find out the reasons about a certain behavior whereas applied psychology works to solve a problem or disorder by using the facts obtained from the research psychology.
Dear user, we are collecting paper for subject PSY finalterm past paper of all type likes, solved paper, by reference, best past paper, for final term and trying to make mega file for PSY finalterm past paper, and when we are complete our work then we will update keep visiting if you need the best collection of final term past paper.
Midterm past papers. All Computer Science [CS] Subjects. PSY , PSY , PSY , PSY , PSY , Finalterm all solved past papers PHY final term moaaz file and reference mega file MGT final term moaaz file and reference mega file. Within the Ph.D. in Social Science is an optional concentration in Mathematical Behavioral Sciences, supervised by an interdisciplinary group of faculty..
Within the M.A. in Social Science, students may apply directly to the concentration in Demographic and Social Analysis.