Is Socrates Guilty As Charged?
Critical Thinking Course Coordinator: In the first part of this paper I will represent my personal opinion and try to convince the reader that Socrates was innocent.
In the second part of this work I will try to look from perspective of people living at the time when Socrates trail was conducted. I would like also to add that written essay will be subjective work from three reasons. Firstly, I am going to represent my own thoughts and consideration.
Secondly, I will try to imagine to be Athenian citizen and try to depict their possible points of view. Thirdly, the only one source of knowledge about Socrates trail is based on Plato and Xenophon writings.
As being his most faithful student he could intent to put Socrates in more favorable light that it was in reality. Socrates was one of the greatest thinkers in ancient Greece and one of the few whose wisdom was noticed while he was alive.
He was born in Greece, the country which established the first and the most brilliant democracy of ancient age. At the time of his youth Greece government experienced well working direct democracy, in Is socrates guilty as charged essay every citizen had a voice in the Assembly, however, not everyone had a privilege to become one.
What is more worth mentioning is that Socrates was accused for corrupting the youth, teaching out of charge and not believing in the gods.
These accusations were brought by Anytus, Melatus, Lycon and citizens of 2 Athens in general. They were not a result of single acts against the law but rather a long term specific pattern of behavior which was incomprehensive, insulting and unacceptable by the most of Athenians citizens.
Socrates trail took place in a period of restored democracy influenced by Spartanian leader Lysander, what in my opinion had a significant impact on the final result of judgment.
Below I will try to prove that Socrates was not a sophist, he did not corrupt the youth neither willingly or unwillingly, and also he believed in God. First accusation First of all, let me consider the primary accusation brought by Melatus, that Socrates did not believe in Athens Gods, meaning that he was being accused of atheism.
Melatus claimed that Socrates 'did not believe in the gods in whom the city believes but in other new divinities ' and at the same time accused him for not believing in any Gods 26ca. And here I identify a contradiction in his accusation. Socrates cannot at the same moment execute atheism and believe in other new divinities.
If defendant would be atheist then he would not worship any gods, including those which Athens objected. Therefore I recognize this prosecutions as non valid.
Moreover, Socrates has defended himself by rising a question 'if anyone believes in human affairs but not in humans, in equine affairs but not in horses, in flute music but not in flute players', and then asks if, similarly, any man believes in divine activities but not in divinities?
By these words Socrates meant that he does no object any particular God, however, he believes in a presence of supernatural powers in our life. Furthermore, Socrates shared his belief in the existence of afterlife and willingness to experience it.
He mentioned this in his defense speech expressing fearless and confidence to what will happen after death because he believes that good people will be well treated 38da.
In addition to it his last words were 'But now it is the time to go away, I am to die and you to live. Which of us goes to a better thing is unclear to 3 everyone except the God' 42a.
That is another proof that Socrates was not an atheist and believed in after life which is dependent on God. Socrates believed that he was given a gift of wisdom to be a messenger. His essential belief was that superpower was using him as a tool to deliver peoples essential wisdom of what is good and what is evil Scott, It is also important to remember how important roles played Greek's Gods for the whole society.
Citizens of Greece believed that Gods took care of their cities, many of them claimed that the problems which Athenians faced were caused by disrespect of Gods.
The people blamed Socrates to have a neutral approach towards their Gods, so they decided to put the blame on him for all the misfortunes. Socrates actually believed in after death which means that he also respected the presence of supernatural powers. I believe that it was the main reason why Socrates was judged for being atheist.
Second accusation In the next paragraph I will analyze the accusation against Socrates as a person corrupting the youth deliberately. Melatus claimed that defendant was spreading 'forbidden knowledge' among his students what caused a danger for cities and societies stability.Socrates was never charged for physical act against humanity.
From my point of view, he would not be sentenced for death if he would have born 30 years earlier. I also believe that Socrates was a scapegoat of the society which needed to find guilty person for past failures.
Socrates, in his conviction from the Athenian jury, was both innocent and guilty as charged. In Plato’s Five Dialogues, accounts of events ranging from just prior to Socrates’ entry into the courthouse up until his mouthful of hemlock, both points are represented.
Socrates in dealing with moral law was not guilty of the crimes he was accused of by Meletus. Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such.
The laws didn't find Socrates guilty; Socrates was guilty because his jurors forced the laws. The commandment couldn't put in force itself. Is Socrates Guilty As Charged?: A Brief Comment on the Query - Is Socrates Guilty As Charged? In any case of law, when one is considering truth and justice, one must first look at the validity of the court and of the entity of authority itself.
Socrates: Guilty or Innocent Essay Words 4 Pages In Plato's, The Apology of Socrates, Socrates was accused and on trial for two charges: that he had corrupted the youth of Athens with his teachings, and, that he advocated the worship of false gods.
Socrates: Guilty or Innocent Essay Words | 4 Pages. In Plato's, The Apology of Socrates, Socrates was accused and on trial for two charges: that he had corrupted the youth of Athens with his teachings, and, that he advocated the worship of false gods.