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The ocean was crossed only by small sailing vessels haunted by both tempest and pestilence, the one likely to prolong the voyage by many weeks, the other to involve the sacrifice of scores of lives through scurvy and other maladies. Yet, remote as the colony seemed, Quebec was the child of Versailles, protected and nourished by Louis XIV and directed by him in its minutest affairs.
The King spent laborious hours over papers relating to the cherished colony across the sea. He sent wise counsel to his officials in Canada and with tactful patience rebuked their faults. He did everything for the colonists--gave them not merely land, but muskets, farm implements, even chickens, pigs, and sometimes wives.
The defect of his government was that it tended to be too paternal. The vital needs of a colony struggling with the problems of barbarism could hardly be read correctly and provided for at Versailles.
Colonies, like men, are strong only when they learn to take care of themselves. The English colonies present a vivid contrast.
London did not direct and control Boston. But while in France there was a vast organism which moved only as the King willed, in England power was more widely distributed. It may be claimed with truth that English national liberties are a growth from the local freedom which has existed from time immemorial.
When British colonists left the motherland to found a new society, their first instinct was to create institutions which involved local control.
The solemn covenant by which in the worn company of the Mayflower, after a long and painful voyage, pledged themselves to create a self-governing society, was the inevitable expression of the English political spirit.
Do what it would, London could never control Boston as Versailles controlled Quebec. The English colonist kept his eyes fixed on his own fortunes. From the state he expected little; from himself, everything. He had no great sense of unity with neighboring colonists under the same crown.
Only when he realized some peril to his interests, some menace which would master him if he did not fight, was he stirred to warlike energy. French leaders, on the other hand, were thinking of world politics. The voyage of Verrazano, the Italian sailor who had been sent out by Francis I of France inand who had sailed along a great stretch of the Atlantic coast, was deemed by Frenchmen a sufficient title to the whole of North America.
They flouted England's claim based upon the voyages of the Cabots nearly thirty years earlier. Spain, indeed, might claim Florida, but the English had no real right to any footing in the New World. As late as inwhen the fortunes of France were already on the wane in the New World, Father Bobe, a priest of the Congregation of Missions, presented to the French court a document which sets forth in uncompromising terms the rights of France to all the land between the thirtieth and the fiftieth parallels of latitude.
True, he says, others occupy much of this territory, but France must drive out intruders and in particular the English. Boston rightly belongs to France and so also do New York and Philadelphia. This weak cession all true Frenchmen regret and England must hand the territories back.
She owes France compensation for her long occupation of lands not really hers. If she makes immediate restitution, the King of France, generous and kind, will forego some of his rights and allow England to retain a strip some fifty miles wide extending from Maine to Florida. France has the right to the whole of the interior.
In the mind of the reverend memorialist, no doubt, there was the conviction that England would soon lose the meager strip, fifty miles wide, which France might yield.The Spanish lost their stronghold in North America as the French, Dutch, and British began to explore and colonize the Northeast.
French exploration Spanish successes in the Caribbean attracted the attention of other European nations. Chronicles of America American Biography Maps of America A New World Spanish Conqueror New France English Exploration Southern Colonies Plymouth Colonies Quaker Colonies Colonial Folkways New France Age of Invention Theodore Roosevelt.
The Contrast of French and English Colonies.
English-French-Spanish, The Colonization of America Essay Sample. Spanish settlement of the west International borders has always been centers of conflict, and the U.S.-Mexican border is no exception. With the European colonizing the New World, it was a matter of time before the powers collided. The Spanish settled what is today Mexico, while the English settled what is today the United States. During the first winter in America, many Pilgrams died. Squanto and Samoset helped the Pilgrams grow crops. Squanto and Samoset, also, helped the colonists befriend the Wampanoag. The English Colonies In the s, English settlers arrived in North America –English colonization differed from Spanish & French because the English gov’t had no desire to create a centralized empire in the New World –Different motivations by English settlers led to different types of colonies.
was he stirred to warlike energy. French leaders, on the. English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison reproduction, or transmittal is copyrig ht protected by the publisher.
THE HISTORY OF COLONIAL NORTH AMERICA centers primarily around the struggle of England, France, and Spain to gain control of the continent. population in the English colonies had grown to million; this included.
Spanish colonization of the Americas. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Part of a series on The ideas from the French and the American Revolution influenced the efforts.
All of the colonies, except Cuba and Puerto Rico, attained independence by the s.
"The Political and Institutional History of Colonial Spanish America" History. Nov 17, · A major difference between English and Spanish colonization is that the Spanish mostly sent single men, without wives & families. The Spanish Conquest resulted in the death of . The French colonization of the Americas began in the 16th century, and continued on into the following centuries as France established a colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere.
France founded colonies in much of eastern North America, on a number of Caribbean islands, and in South America.