Giving credit to the original author of thoughts, words, and ideas is an important ethical concept. While a bibliography does not prevent plagiarism, it is an important tool in avoiding plagiarism. Pertinent information is gleaned from the ideas of those who came before, and a researcher then produces new knowledge by integrating the ideas of others with her own conclusions.
Also known as the author-date method, these in-text citations incorporate author, year, and page number to identify sources. The following guidelines for documenting sources in text come from Chapter 6 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Where applicable, the manual sections are included in brackets.
In the parentheses, put commas between author and year, year and page number. Block Long Quotation If a quotation includes 40 words or more, indent it 0.
Double space the quotation, and insert closing punctuation before the parenthetical citation at the end. In their study on the effect of Bcl-2 family proteins on autophagy and apoptosis, Levine, Sinha, and Kroemer conclude that: A paraphrase is a specific idea from a source that needs a citation with author, year, and page number.
A summary offers a concise overview of the source material and requires a citation with author and year. No page number is needed because the idea should be broader than a single page of the original source.
Herrigel uses his years as an archery student in Japan to create a narrative description of Zen Buddhism. Rule to Remember When mentioning multiple authors in text, write out the word and i. According to Smith and Weston. One or Multiple Authors Sources in the hard and social sciences often have multiple authors, and the citation rules vary based on how many authors a source has and if a source is being referenced for the first or subsequent times in a document.
Consult the following table for how to handle these different situations.In-Text Citations. APA Style uses parenthetical, author-date citations. After a quote, add parentheses containing the author's name, the year of publication, and the page number of the work.
KnightCite is a free site that automatically produce MLA, APA, or Chicago style citations for 25 types of sources with availability to register & save citations. From the Hekman Library at Calvin College.
The APA Wizard and The MLA Wizard This free site automatically produces MLA or APA style citations for 6 basic types of sources.
Intro to APA Citations.
The American Psychological Association (APA) is one of the most common formatting styles in academic pfmlures.come its name, APA style is used in a variety of academic.
APA for Academic Writing () (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper, and B.
to indicate the sources of these citations in the References list at the end of your paper. APA Format. APA Style Guide for Electronic References (6th ed.) (referred to in this handout as.
Citation Machine is a free site that automatically produces MLA, APA, Turabian or Chicago style citations for a variety of sources (but not bibliographies).
Users can copy and paste citations into Word. Citation Machine helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your website in APA format for free.