When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
If you are working on a paper in the APA style, you know that formatting APA citations can be a complicated task that requires a lot of patience. Fortunately, referencing has never been so easy. Introducing your new best friend: Using an automated citation machine to create accurate citations allows students to work smarter, leaving them more time to focus on their studies.
This guide provides you with everything you need to know to ensure you get the grade that reflects all your hard work. Read ahead for tips on how to structure and present your work according to the APA formatting guidelines, how to avoid charges of plagiarism, and how to cite sources both in-text and in your reference list and bibliography.
Essentially, citing is the crediting of sources used in academic work. When another source contributes to your work you must acknowledge the original author with an accurate reference, unless it is common knowledge e.
Barack Obama is the first American of mixed race to be elected president. Failing to cite all of your sources or citing them incorrectly constitutes plagiarismwhich is considered a serious academic offense. If you are caught plagiarizing it is more than likely that you will lose points on your assignment, or even face expulsion from your university.
Aside from avoiding plagiarism, attributing your research is crucial in ensuring that your work is firmly anchored in academic tradition.
Correctly citing your sources validates the statements and conclusions you make in your work by providing supporting evidence. Imagine if all the stress of referencing simply vanished.
The APA format consists of in-text citations and a reference list, along with guidelines for formatting the paper itself. Although primarily used by social and behavioural sciences, the APA format is used amongst other scientific publications for its editorial efficiency.
So, whether your professor prefers that you use the MLA formator your discipline requires you to adopt the Chicago style citationyour referencing will be supported.
When you reference a source within an APA style paper; whether it is using a direct quote, repurposing an image, or simply referring to an idea or theory, you should: Page specified, author mentioned in text: The study found that … Sania et al.
Book, one author, multiple editions: A brief history of time: From the big bang to black holes 10th ed. Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group. Evolution in the systems age.
Evaluation of environmental attitudes: Analysis and results of a scale applied to university students.Quality academic help from professional paper & essay writing service.
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When writing the abstract, note that the APA recommends using two spaces after sentences that end in a period; however, sentences that end in other punctuation marks may be followed by a single space. Formatting the Abstract Page (APA) Using First Person in an Academic Essay: When is It Okay?
Formatting the Works Cited Page (MLA). Presents writing guidelines for the APA journal Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Find tutorials, the APA Style Blog, how to format papers in APA Style, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and .
(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc.
Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.